Board of Supervisors Meeting Date:

Harry F. Atherton, Vice-Chairman, Marshall District Supervisor


November 9, 2006

Staff Lead:


Frederick P.D. Carr, Director


Community Development


A Resolution to the Virginia Board of Historic Resources and the National Park Service Supporting the Inclusion of Paris on the Virginia Landmarks and National Registers


Topic Description:

Presentation of support for the Virginia Historic Resources Board and the Department of the Interior for the nomination of the Paris Historic District.


Requested Action of the Board of Supervisors:

Consider adoption of the attached resolution.

Financial Impact Analysis:



Summary Staff Report:


Background Information.  The County has 21 historic areas that are of State and National significance.  The Final Report for Survey Update of Historic properties in Fauquier County, Virginia (March 20, 2002) indicated that all were pre-qualified and recommended for  designation on the Virginia Landmarks and National Register of Historic Places. 

As a result of the referenced report, the County has pursued this major project with both Board of Supervisors’ and private contributions.  As a result of our County program, the following nine communities have the completed documentation, the Department of Historic Resources’ (DHR) public hearing process and their historic areas are officially on both the National Register and Virginia Landmarks listings: Ashville, Atoka, Casanova, Delaplane, Markham, Morgantown, New Baltimore, Rectortown, and the Town of Remington. 

Marshall & Paris DHR Public Hearings.  Maral Kalbian, the County’s architectural historian consultant, has completed the detailed surveys and essential applications for both the Marshall and Paris Historic District nominations so defined under State and federal definitions and criteria.  This district has no connection or bearing on the Fauquier County Zoning Ordinance’s Historic Area Overlay District (Part 3, Section 4-300).  This designation absolutely has no connection with the Architectural Review Board (ARB) oversight.  Being listed on the Virginia Landmarks and National Register of Historic Places only conveys an honor and recognition of a property’s historic significance; it does not place any constraints on the property owner. Being listed on either register does not restrict or prevent an owner from altering, tearing down or otherwise disposing of the property.

The mandatory public hearing for the proposed Marshall and Paris Historic District nominations were both conducted on October 23, 2006, at the Marshall Community Center.  David Edwards from Virginia Department of Historic Resources advertised the public hearings in local newspapers and provided letter notices to all property owners within the proposed historic area limits and adjoining property owners.  Both David Edwards and Maral Kalbian presented the survey findings and responded to questions raised.  Twenty-eight people attended the hearing; no one spoke in opposition.

The Department of Historic Resources staff will present these findings to the Commonwealth Board of Historic Resources in December of 2006.  The Virginia Landmarks designation will be acted upon in that month, while the National Register designation takes approximately three months.

Paris Historic District Summary Information.  Paris is located in northwest Fauquier County at the foot of Ashby Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia.  The village sits at the northern end of the Crooked Run Valley Rural Historic District which was listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.  The proposed Paris Historic Districts is compact, totals approximately 32 acres and contains 34 properties, including 52 buildings along Gap Run Road, Federal and Republic Streets.

Paris includes several different types of building resources that date primarily before the Civil War.  The primary building types in the district are dwellings, several stores, two churches, a tavern, an old school, and antique shop from a converted old gas station.  The earliest surviving buildings in the Paris Historic District date to circa 1810 when the town was officially established by the Virginia Assembly.  More than half of the district buildings were built between 1810 and 1850, in addition to a cemetery.  The architectural resources in Paris portray it much as it would have appeared in the mid-nineteenth century, before it was bypassed by the routing of the Manassas Gap Railroad to the south in 1852.  The routing left Paris somewhat isolated, removed much of the traffic that otherwise passed through the village, and development came to a halt.

Copies of the entire survey, application and photographs are available for public inspection upon request in the Planning Division at 10 Hotel Street (3rd Floor), in the Warren Green Building in Warrenton.  It can also be viewed on the Virginia Department of Historic Resources webpage
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Identify any other Departments, Organizations or Individuals that would be affected by this request:

Property owners

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