When a new building lot is created through the subdivision process, it typically is required to have a certain amount of frontage on a street. The amount of frontage required depends on the Zoning Designation and is set forth as "Lot Width" in Section 3-403 of the Zoning Ordinance. In cases where sufficient street frontage does not exist, new streets must be provided.
Typical subdivisions require that the frontage be on a public street, and such new streets must be designed to the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) standards. Where public streets are proposed and required in conjunction with a subdivision, the street must be designed as part of the construction plan process and bonded before the plat creating the new lots can be recorded and created. Additionally, all public streets must be accepted by VDOT into their system before any related bonds may be released. See Street Acceptance procedures.
In addition to meeting VDOT requirements, all new public streets must meet the requirements for streets set forth in Article 7-300 of the Zoning Ordinance. Key requirements include:
- Street Length: maximum 700 feet within Service Districts and 1,320 feet outside of Service Districts.
- Limit of 20 lots on a dead-end street.
- Provision of a turn-around at the end of every dead-end street
Waivers may be available for these requirements if certain standards are met. See Section 7-302.6 of the Zoning Ordinance.
Certain types of lots can be created on private streets, including Family Divisions, Administrative Divisions, Large Lot Divisions and most commercial and utility lots. Private Streets are typically located within "Right-of-Way" easements that may traverse multiple lots. Neither Fauquier County or VDOT will provide maintenance or repairs to any private streets within the County. The responsibility for all maintenance and repairs to the road, drainage channels along the road, signs and any snow removal for the road is the responsibility of the individual property owners who use the private road for access.
All new private streets must meet the same requirements as public streets regarding length and number of lots on a dead-end street as set forth in Section 7-300 of the Zoning Ordinance. Waivers are available for some of these requirements. See the Zoning Ordinance and the Private Roads Information Sheet for more information.