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Virginia BMP Cost-Share Program

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Stream CrossingThis program provides technical assistance and financial incentives to assist with the installation of approved conservation practices that improve and protect water quality.  The state provides Soil and Water Conservation Districts (SWCDs) with funding to target specific areas with existing water quality problems stemming from animal waste, cropland, and pastureland.

The cost-share program offers 75% cost-share for the use and/or installation of many BMPs with rates up to 100% for some practices.  Other BMPs (i.e., cover crops) are paid at a straight per acre rate. Funding availability varies between SWCDs.  Check with the SWCD on the amount of funding you may receive in a program year; however, additional funding may be available for certain practices (i.e., animal waste systems and livestock exclusion systems).  In many cases, the practices often can be funded by a combination of state, federal and even private funds, reducing the landowner’s expense.

All practices in the program have been selected because of their ability to improve and protect water quality. Many also may increase farm productivity by reducing soil erosion, reducing nutrient losses, and improving livestock health.


Virginia Agricultural BMP Tax Credit Program

This program, which began in 1996, supports the voluntary installation of BMPs to improve water quality. Agricultural producers with an approved conservation plan can take a credit against state income tax of 25% for eligible BMP expenses. The tax credit amount cannot exceed $17,500 or the total state income tax obligation for the given year, but any excess expenses can be carried over for up to five years.

BMPs, if approved, will be inspected by the SWCD after installation. Soon after inspection, landowners will receive a tax credit approval or cost-share payments from the local SWCD.


Conservation Equipment Tax Credit Program

This program seeks to encourage farmers to use precision agricultural equipment for conservation. Sprayers for pesticides and liquid fertilizers; pneumatic fertilizer applicators; monitors, computer regulators, and height adjustable booms for sprayers and liquid fertilizer applicators; manure applicators; tramline adapters; and starter fertilizer banding attachments for planters qualify for a tax credit of 25% of the equipment purchase or $3,750.00, whichever is less, in the year of purchase. Conservation tillage equipment is eligible for a 25 percent tax credit, not to exceed $2,500.00. The equipment must meet state-established criteria, and the farmer must have a current nutrient management plan approved by the local SWCD.

46 BMPs Qualify for State Income Tax Credit, 34 BMPs Qualify for Cost-Share*

State Code

Description of practice BMPs

CCI-SE-1 Stream Exclusion - Maintenance Practice
CCI-SL-6N Stream Exclusion with Narrow Width Buffer - Maintenance Practice
CCI-SL-6W Stream Exclusion with Wide Width Buffer - Maintenance Practice


Reforestation of Erodible Crop and Pastureland*


Woodland Buffer Filter Area*


Woodland Erosion Stabilization*


Livestock Exclusion with Riparian Buffers for TMDL Implementation


Livestock Exclusion with Reduced Setback for TMDL Implementation


Nutrient Management Plan Writing and Revisions


Sidedress Application of Nitrogen on Corn


Manure Application to Corn Using Pre-sidedress Nitrate Test to Determine Need for Sidedress Nitrogen


Late Winter Split Application of Nitrogen on Small Grain


Permanent Vegetative Cover on Cropland*


Stream Exclusion with Narrow Width Buffer and Grazing Land Management*

SL-6W Stream Exclusion with Wide Width Buffer and Grazing Land Management*


Small Acreage Grazing System


Alternative Water System


Protective Cover for Specialty Crops*


Small Grain Cover Crop for Nutrient Management*


Harvestable Cover Crop


Permanent Vegetative Cover Crop on Critical Areas*


Farm Road or Heavy Traffic Animal Travel Lane Stabilization


Continuous No-till System


Continuous No-till Forage Production System


Streambank Protection with Narrow Width Buffer*

WP-2W Streambank Protection with Wide Width Buffer*


Streambank Stabilization*


Stream Crossings & Hardened Accesses


Stream Channel Stabilization


Maintenance of Stream Exclusion Fencing


Sod Waterway*


Animal Waste Control Facility*


Loafing Lot Management System*


Composter Facility*


Soil Test in Support of Nutrient Management Plan


Animal Waste Structure Pumping Equipment


Animal Mortality Incinerator Facility*


Grass Filter Strips*


Legume Cover Crop*

*indicates practice qualifies for both tax credit and agricultural BMP cost-share programs.

Livestock Exclusion and Rotational Grazing Video

For more information contact us at 540-347-3120 x4, or visit us at 98 Alexandria Pike, Suite 31, Warrenton, Virginia 20186.

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